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Hebraic Names and Terms
When visiting a Messianic congregation, and even a Messianic website, you will quickly realize that there's another langauage spoken, besides English. It's Hebrew - the language of the Torah (the Bible).
Although Yeshua (Jesus) would have spoken Aramaic in His every day life, He practiced as all other Jews did and spoke, read, and sang Hebrew when He went to synagogue because the scriptures, liturgy, and songs had been written in Hebrew many, many years before His coming. Listed below are some frequently used names and common terms you will hear and/or read when coming to a Messianic congregation and even when you read through our website.
Yeshua = Messiah's Hebrew name (the name His mother would have called Him). Later translated into the English name Jesus.
Moshiach = Messiah
Ruach HaKodesh = Hebrew name of the Holy Spirit
Echad = a pluralist concept of one, such as there is only one G-d, but who has the three aspects of Father, Son, and Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
Torah = First five books of the Bible ~ Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
Haftarah = passage from the Prophets read after the Torah portion.
Brit Chadeshah = Hebrew name for New Testament
Parshat = weekly Torah portion
Shema = A prayer said three times a day by observant Jews which affirms the Oneness of G-d.
Mishpocha = "family"
Aron = holy Ark where Torahs are kept.
Moshe = Moses
Synagogue = building of worship
Bimah = raised platform from where the Torah is read and may be the location from where the Rabbi or Congregation Leader leads services.
Challah = egg-based braided bread used for Shabbat services and special fests.
Tallis (tallit - plural) = prayer shawl
Shofar = a ram's horn blown at Rosh HaShanah and traditionally used as a warning sound.
Averoltt = willow sprigs
Eretz = the land, i.e. the land of Israel
Ha Shem = The Name, used when referring to God by many more orthodox Jews in order to not take the Lord's name in vain
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