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Who does this affect?
  • 5% of children in the United States
  • 3% of all adults in the United States
  • 35% of children referred to mental health clinic are due to ADHD

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THE ADHD INFORMATION LIBRARY

ABOUT: ADD/ ADHD

ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER

ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD)
img s.gifAttention Deficit Disorder & Attention Hyperactivity Deficit Disorder
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ARTICLE SUMMARIES
Behavioral, Educational, and Medication Interventions(Article #1)
In this article it tells you what ADHD is along with how if effects children and how it is dealt with in school systems or everyday life. ADHD stands for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder which is a behavior disorder. ADHD is characterized by 3 levels: inattention, impulsivity and over activity. Three to seven percent of elementary children in the US have ADHD. These children have trouble paying attention in school, keeping friends, maintaining and good grades. Children with ADHD have trouble will keeping friends due to of their verbal and or verbal aggression (yelling). The kids that tend to have trouble in school is benefited by getting extra help such as one on one tutoring. Approximately 50%-60% of people with ADHD tend to be disruptive for example not following rules, stealing, fighting, and truancy. Around 25% of children that ADHD also have learning disabilities ADHD is a chemical imbalance of the brain. This is treated with medications such as Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate, Dexedrine, Adderall, Strattera, Wellbutrin, Catapres and much more. Everyone reacts differently to medicines so at first the child or person is watched carefully by the teacher, nurse, or parents. Some of the side effects of these medicines are headaches, stomachaches, loss of appetite and insomnia. Some of ADHD students have a 504 plan which is a plan for students with physical or mental impairments that interferes with a major life activity such a paying comprehending or learning. A 504 plan can help a student with a lot such as test taking and allowing the child extended time and quiet area with less distractions. This article has been very helpful for me in many different ways. This has given me some back round on what to look for when I am a teacher for children with potential of ADHD. ADHD is such a common disorder that I think that every teacher should be informed about what to look for a in a child. If a teacher sees some of these symptoms and talks to the guidance counselor it only can benefit the child and their future.


    DuPaul, George J.; White, George P. “ADHD: Behavioral, Educational, and Medication Interventions.” Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, v. 71 issue 7, 2006, p. 57-60.
Meeting Learning Challenges: Working with the Child Who Has ADD (Article #2)
A teacher of a 5 year old program sent a message about one of her students being unfocussed. The teacher wanted to know if the home situation can cause ADD, along with what to do about the child’s behavior in the classroom. The article told the different causes that can vary, planning and sequencing problems, observe for programming, and collaboration with parents. There are many different reasons why children have ADD. Some children can be more sensitive to the things around them for instance there senses or environment. These children with the symptoms of senses can focus better when there is a lot going on in the classroom for instance children playing with blocks or playing a game. Another child can have trouble because of touch and sound. This is the kind of child that sits in the corner of a classroom and plays with themselves for instance using their imagination by talking to themselves or daydreaming. Another child can be physically very active and have to have movement or won’t be able to concentrate. This is because he is under reactive to touch, smell and sound. This is the kind of child that can’t sit still. The last kind of child may be more depressed than another child by being negative or stubborn. The depressiveness is what affects the way the child follows the teacher’s directions. These children are known as ADHD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. These causes end up with the children having trouble planning activities. This is what causes children to not be able to pay attention. As teacher I feel that you have to work individually with each child to get to know them and their learning styles. As a teacher you should confront the parents and talk to them telling them what you are observing and see if the parents are seeing the same thing. Sometimes the child’s need is to be medicated, if working with the child’s problem doesn’t work. This article was very information about the background of ADD and if the home life can affect a child and their ADD or ADHD.

    Greenspan, Stanley I. “Meeting Learning Challenges: Working with the Child Who Has Attention Difficulties.” Early Childhood Today (1), v. 19 issue 1, 2004, p. 24-25.
Intervention Strategies for Students with ADHD (Article #3)
The article starts out telling you the definition of ADHD; an individual had difficulty concentrating, interrupts activities or conversations between other people and has trouble following directions. It states that boys are three times more likely to have ADHD then girls and 3 to 7 percent of kindergarten to 6th grade students has ADHD in the United States. The article states that there are three subtypes of behaviors individuals that have problems with concentrations, problems with hyperactivity along with in both areas. ADHD has some effect on genetics. The characteristic of a student that has ADHD has academic and social issues. “About 25% of children with ADHD also have learning disabilities.(Principal Reston, Va.)” The most effective treatment for ADHD is medication such as Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate, Dexedrine, Adderall, etc. When I child is put on a medication they are watched closely to make sure that everything is ok. Some students that have a learning disability along with their ADHD is placed on a 504 plan. This plan gives them the accommodations that they need such as extended time on tests along with a quiet space for test taking. Being a teacher and working with ADHD students means that the teacher needs to understand that some days the children will have better days than others. A way to help an ADHD student is having the child be tutored so they can have one on one time with someone explaining what is being taught. It may take sometime to learn what works best for the student and their academics. This article was very informative about things to do with an ADHD student for instance tutoring.

    DuPaul, George J.; White, George P. “Intervention Strategies for Students with ADHD.” Principal, v. 85 issue 2, 2005, p. 26-29.

 
 ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER & ATTENTION HYPERACTIVITY DEFICIT DISORDER
Columbus, OH

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